Estás aquí
Inicio > Destacados > Asimetrías… De Luis Echeverría Álvarez a Andrés Manuel López Obrador

Asimetrías… De Luis Echeverría Álvarez a Andrés Manuel López Obrador

Banqueta Dominical

El primero de diciembre de 1970 terminaba uno de los sexenios del México de la post revolución más complicados desde los tiempos del movimiento armado. Concluía el periodo de Gustavo Díaz Ordaz y asumía el poder Luis Echeverría Álvarez, un torvo burócrata, quién desde la oscuridad había entretejido los amarres necesarios para que el “gran elector” lo señalara con su índice como el candidato del PRI a la presidencia de México.

 

Carlos Alberto Becerril
cbecerril@sicomunicacion.com

No obstante lo anterior, inexplicablemente la población veía al candidato Luis Echeverría como aíre fresco, y con él, la renovación de un sistema político, que a pesar de los logros económicos derivados del desarrollo estabilizador: una clase media que se extendía en las zonas urbanas de las ciudades de México, y un importante crecimiento económico derivado del proteccionismo industrial, no fueron lo suficientemente necesario, para que un movimiento global de corte generacional, gestado en el extranjero estallará en México con consecuencias que luego de medio siglo siguen teniendo eco.

El entonces secretario de Gobernación Luis Echeverría había logrado su nominación a base de una supuesta lealtad al presidente Díaz Ordaz, en momentos decisivos del movimiento estudiantil de 1968, cuando en realidad, él personalmente había orquestado, por medio de agentes e infiltrados en el movimiento estudiantil, la policía y el Ejercito el escenario necesario para una “solución final” y él cómo artífice, a los ojos del Presidente.
El gran golpe de Echeverría camino a la Silla Presidencial lo dio la tarde del 2 de octubre en la Plaza de las Tres Culturas en Tlatelolco. Un verdadero gambito, en que el diseño de un fuego cruzado entre fuerzas regulares y agentes paramilitares, con una treintena de muertos, lo convirtió en el presidente de México.

En efecto, las bajas de esa tarde no superaron las tres decenas de decesos, sin embargo, tanto al Consejo Nacional de Huelga, como para el propio gobierno, las especulativas cifras que se refirieron posteriormente, no fueron desmentidas por sirios o troyanos a propia conveniencia del momento y de sus intereses.

Como sea, con el apoyo del Presidente y las “fuerzas vivas” del partido, lo convirtieron en el nuevo presidente de México
La campaña del candidato Echeverría, bajo el lema de “Arriba y Adelante” no dejó de avanzar en la primavera – verano de 1970, no sin dejar de eludir fuertes escollos, entre ellos, la decisión del presidente Díaz Ordaz de retirar la candidatura a Echeverría Álvarez al ser enterado de la acción de Echeverría en Tlatelolco, sin embargo, la suerte ya estaba echada en favor de Luis Echeverría Álvarez.

La necesidad de renovar su imagen, hizo que Echeverría invocara a la apertura democrática, ante la tozudez política de su antecesor. Y, por otro lado, un sistema económico que empezó a ser caduco, ante una industria sobre protegida y un país mono exportador de petróleo, hizo que la inversión pública acentuara su tendencia respecto a la inversión privada; así como una política estatizante, en que el gobierno compraba lo mismo que una fábrica de bicicletas quebrada, o una productora de leche, condición que obligó, con el tiempo a traumáticos ajustes en la paridad cambiaria.

El gasto social se incrementó mediante la creación de fideicomisos, verdaderos pozos sin fondo y al mismo tiempo delineo una política económica que llamó “antiimperialista y progresista”. Estados Unidos, empezó a ver con recelo a su aliado del sur y comenzó a imponer embargos a productos esenciales para México. En tanto, Echeverría buscaba ansiosamente el reconocimiento de los entonces países socialistas, Cuba y Chile, así como la Unión Soviética y China.

No obstante, su supuesta condición progresista y apertura democrática y haber recibido a miles de refugiados políticos izquierdistas de Chile, Argentina, Brasil, e incluso España, en su política interior tuvo mano dura con los movimientos de izquierda nacionales, al desatar la “Guerra Sucia”, lo que finalmente motivo una ola de secuestros por grupos guerrilleros y desde luego, el nunca bien aclarado intento de secuestro y asesinato de Don Eugenio Garza Sada, formidable adversario político de Echeverría.

El final de gobierno de Echeverría antes que dejara a su secretario de Hacienda José López Portillo como su sucesor, de un déficit público de 2.5 por ciento en 1970, lo había llevado al 9.3 por ciento en 1976, prácticamente lo había cuadruplicado, Había logrado un crecimiento del PIB del 6 por ciento, pero con base en la expansión del déficit y por tanto de la deuda pública y una devaluación del 94 por ciento.

Pero lo que más afectaba al país económicamente era sin duda, la crisis de confianza con el sector privado, agudizado aún más por el caso Garza Sada, sumiendo el país en una grave crisis económica que marco a la nación incluso más allá de los años noventa.

Echeverría – Obrador

Hasta aquí… una historia que no ha sido lo suficientemente recordada, ante la llegada de un pragmático al poder.

Apenas un 15 por ciento de la población de México, tiene edad suficiente para tener elementos para recordar un gobierno que descarrilo el desarrollo de México y que atraso su reloj económico al menos tres décadas.

Hoy, las mismas frases repetidas hace 48 años, «apertura democrática», «desarrollo compartido», con la misma semántica de entonces, vuelven a resonar, pero pocos hay quienes recuerden el costo que estas categorías tuvieron. Del desarrollo estabilizador, al desarrollo compartido y de ahí a la crisis económica.

Luis Echeverría devaluó el peso 94 por ciento en seis años. López Obrador ha logrado el “deslizamiento”, (regresa el miedo a los términos) sin haber tomado el poder…

Cuando las asimetrías convergen…

RevistaGM5
Pagina libre al pensamiento
http://www.gm5.com.mx

129 thoughts on “Asimetrías… De Luis Echeverría Álvarez a Andrés Manuel López Obrador

  1. Superb blog! Do you have any recommendations
    for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own website soon but I’m a little lost on everything.
    Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out
    there that I’m completely overwhelmed .. Any tips?
    Bless you!

  2. I like the helpful information you provide in your articles.
    I will bookmark your weblog and check again here regularly.

    I am quite sure I’ll learn many new stuff right here!
    Good luck for the next!

  3. Hi, i think that i noticed you visited my weblog so i got here to go back the want?.I’m attempting
    to find things to improve my website!I suppose its ok to use a few of your concepts!!

  4. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I provide
    credit and sources back to your site? My website is in the exact same area of interest as yours
    and my users would truly benefit from a lot of the information you present here.
    Please let me know if this okay with you. Regards!

  5. Hello! This is my first visit to your blog! We are a team of volunteers and starting a new initiative
    in a community in the same niche. Your blog provided us
    useful information to work on. You have done
    a marvellous job!

  6. That is really attention-grabbing, You are an overly professional blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and stay up for in search of extra of your fantastic post.
    Additionally, I have shared your web site in my social networks

  7. You really make it seem really easy together with your presentation but I in finding this matter to be actually something that I believe I’d by no means understand. It seems too complicated and very large for me. I’m looking forward for your next publish, I will try to get the hold of it!|

  8. I am extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as
    with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you modify
    it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see
    a great blog like this one today.

    Here is my web blog … سئو

  9. Hello there! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with Search Engine Optimization? I’m
    trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good results.
    If you know of any please share. Kudos!

    Feel free to surf to my page: بک لینک

  10. Ahaa, its good dialogue about this paragraph here at this blog, I have read all that,
    so at this time me also commenting at this place.

  11. Magnificent beat ! I would like to apprentice even as you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a appropriate deal. I were a little bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided shiny clear idea|

  12. Thanks for one’s marvelous posting! I really enjoyed reading it, you’re a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely will come back very soon. I want to encourage one to continue your great job, have a nice afternoon!|

  13. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I get actually enjoyed account your blog
    posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  14. You’re so interesting! I do not believe I’ve read something like that before. So nice to discover someone with genuine thoughts on this subject. Seriously.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is something that is required on the web, someone with a little originality!|

  15. Hello, i think that i saw you visited my web site so i came to “return the favor”.I’m trying to find things to enhance my website!I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!|

  16. Good day very cool web site!! Man .. Excellent .. Amazing .. I’ll bookmark your website and take the feeds also? I am happy to seek out a lot of useful information here in the submit, we want work out extra strategies on this regard, thanks for sharing. . . . . .|

  17. You actually make it seem really easy with your presentation but I
    find this matter to be really something which I think I would by no means understand.
    It sort of feels too complex and extremely large for me.
    I’m looking ahead in your subsequent post, I will attempt to get the grasp of it!

  18. May I simply just say what a relief to find someone that truly understands what they are talking about over the internet. You certainly know how to bring a problem to light and make it important. A lot more people ought to look at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised you’re not more popular given that you surely possess the gift.|

  19. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement? My website has a lot of exclusive content I’ve either created myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the internet without my permission. Do you know any ways to help reduce content from being stolen? I’d really appreciate it.|

  20. Admiring the commitment you put into your site and detailed information you offer. It’s awesome to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same old rehashed information. Great read! I’ve bookmarked your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.|

  21. I must thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this website. I really hope to check out the same high-grade blog posts by you in the future as well. In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own website now ;)|

  22. Attractive element of content. I just stumbled upon your website and in accession capital to say that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing in your feeds and even I success you get entry to consistently quickly.|

  23. Howdy just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the images aren’t loading correctly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same results.|

  24. Hi, I do believe your blog may be having web browser compatibility problems. Whenever I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine however, when opening in I.E., it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to provide you with a quick heads up! Other than that, excellent blog!|

  25. Having read this I believed it was rather informative. I appreciate you taking the time and energy to put this content together. I once again find myself personally spending a significant amount of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it!|

  26. Good post however , I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this topic? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit further. Kudos!|

  27. No matter if some one searches for his essential thing, so he/she needs to be available that in detail, so that thing is maintained over here.|

  28. Your means of describing the whole thing in this post is actually
    good, every one be capable of easily know it, Thanks a lot.

  29. Awesome blog! Is your theme custom made or did you download it from somewhere? A design like yours with a few simple adjustements would really make my blog shine. Please let me know where you got your theme. Thanks|

  30. Howdy just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same results.|

  31. I’m amazed, I must say. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s equally educative and interesting,
    and let me tell you, you have hit the nail on the head.
    The issue is something which not enough men and women are speaking intelligently about.
    I’m very happy that I stumbled across this in my hunt for something relating to this.

  32. I’m curious to find out what blog platform you have been utilizing? I’m experiencing some small security problems with my latest blog and I would like to find something more risk-free. Do you have any suggestions?|

  33. Hey! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I genuinely enjoy reading your posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that deal with the same topics? Thank you!|

  34. Hello! Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to give it a
    look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking and will be tweeting this to my followers!

    Exceptional blog and wonderful style and design.

  35. Wow, superb weblog structure! How lengthy have you been running a blog for? you made running a blog glance easy. The whole look of your web site is great, as neatly as the content material!

  36. Hello there! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog. Is it very difficult to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty quick. I’m thinking about setting up my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions? Many thanks|

  37. Do you have a spam issue on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; many of us have created some nice procedures and we are looking to exchange techniques with others, please shoot me an e-mail if interested.|

  38. With havin so much content do you ever run into any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement? My website has a lot of completely unique content I’ve either authored myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up all over the web without my authorization. Do you know any techniques to help stop content from being stolen? I’d certainly appreciate it.|

  39. Howdy! Do you know if they make any plugins to assist with SEO? I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good gains. If you know of any please share. Thank you!|

  40. Oh my goodness! Incredible article dude! Thanks, However I am
    going through problems with your RSS. I don’t
    understand the reason why I am unable to subscribe to it.
    Is there anybody else having identical RSS issues?
    Anybody who knows the solution can you kindly respond?
    Thanks!!

  41. I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your blog. Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility problems? A couple of my blog audience have complained about my blog not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Safari. Do you have any solutions to help fix this issue?|

  42. Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue. I’ve tried it in two different internet browsers and both show the same outcome.|

  43. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I
    to find this matter to be really something which I feel I’d never understand.

    It seems too complex and extremely extensive for me. I’m looking ahead for your subsequent publish,
    I’ll attempt to get the dangle of it!

  44. When I initially commented I clicked the «Notify me when new comments are added» checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get three e-mails with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that service? Cheers!|

  45. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an edginess over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again since exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this hike.|

  46. I together with my pals were actually reviewing the good tricks located on your web blog then quickly developed an awful feeling I had not thanked you for those secrets. Those people had been as a result passionate to learn all of them and have truly been tapping into these things. I appreciate you for actually being so helpful and for making a choice on certain nice resources millions of individuals are really desperate to understand about. Our honest apologies for not expressing appreciation to earlier.

  47. Howdy would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 different internet browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you suggest a good web hosting provider at a fair price? Thank you, I appreciate it!|

  48. Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said «You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear.» She placed the shell to her ear and screamed. There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!|

  49. Woah! I’m really loving the template/theme of this website. It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s very difficult to get that «perfect balance» between user friendliness and visual appearance. I must say that you’ve done a excellent job with this. In addition, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Internet explorer. Outstanding Blog!|

  50. Seeking Outdoor camping Suggestions? Take A Look At These Great Suggestions Camping out is a great choice for your getaway.Make the most satisfaction when you go outdoor camping getaway using the sound assistance out of this report. You can find this info valuable on your up coming venture outside the house! Just before dark whenever you go camping out, usually identify your protection. As soon as points go darker, it is extremely difficult to get fire wood, identify timber and prepare a meal. This is especially true for anyone used to metropolis living and brand new to pitch dark forest. Steer clear of this by putting together your lodgings before hand. Go on a very first-support type, particularly if are flying with kids. Be sure you investigation also. Urgent products are one of the most critical items to take on the best thing to obtain prepared for any outdoor camping getaway. Take things for distinct animals also, so maintain some anti–venom available. A bandana or handkerchief might be a wonderful item to give on your trip. If you need a potholder, like drying out both hands or retaining a popular pot, these can be used inside a pinch. Make sure you know what’s covered with your medical care insurance is up-to-date. If you visit one more condition, you may have to buy further insurance coverage. When your camping outdoors trip takes you to another country, this is especially valid. Be well prepared in the event nearly anything occurs! Purchase some cushions which are made specially for camping outdoors. Standard your bed pillows could become moist when the outdoor air. The usually process background humidity through the oxygen and expand mildew and mold also. Special pillows manufactured created specifically for outdoor camping have a safety layer that keeps these things from taking place. The whole stage right behind camping is going to be a single with character, but you should ensure to become geared up. You should take extra comforters as well.This helps you comfortable if this will get awesome at night or you may use them for additional padding, even when you should provide your sleeping bag. Duct adhesive tape is definitely an essential object to include in your camping outdoors products. It is actually as handy for fixes while you are camping outdoors as it is in your home. You can use it to fix an air bed must it get yourself a pit. Additionally, it may repair a tarp, getting to sleep bag, or even the tent. You can even protect your feet eventually hikes so that you don’t get sore spots. It could also be applied being a bandage. It’s simple to have an satisfying outdoor camping journey once you learn what you’re undertaking, when you just read. The tips in this article can create a journey entertaining even for those who are not so outdoorsy. So, enter into mother nature and relax and wonder within the a lot of magic which are out there.

  51. It is the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or suggestions. Maybe you can write next articles referring to this article. I wish to read even more things about it!|

  52. Hey there! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site with us so I came to give it a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Excellent blog and terrific design and style.|

  53. I have been surfing online more than 3 hours lately, but I by no means discovered any interesting article like yours. It is lovely value sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made excellent content as you did, the web will be much more helpful than ever before.|

  54. I’ve been surfing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.|

  55. Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The text in your content seem to be running off the screen in Firefox. I’m not sure if this is a format issue or something to do with internet browser compatibility but I figured I’d post to let you know. The style and design look great though! Hope you get the issue fixed soon. Kudos|

  56. Hmm it seems like your website ate my first comment (it was super long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I as well am an aspiring blog writer but I’m still new to the whole thing. Do you have any recommendations for novice blog writers? I’d definitely appreciate it.|

Deja un comentario

Top