Estás aquí
Inicio > Sociedad > «La logística en tiempos de la 4T» Por: José Ambe (Análisis)

«La logística en tiempos de la 4T» Por: José Ambe (Análisis)

El desabasto de gasolina que se vivió a inicios de año en varias partes del país e incluso los bloqueos ferroviarios en Michoacán, pusieron a prueba la paciencia tanto de la población que apoya las medidas tomadas por el gobierno, como de aquellos que tienen una opinión distinta de la llamada cuarta transformación.

*José Ambe / Colaboración

editor@gm5.com.mx

En términos empresariales, la iniciativa privada vio compleja la cuesta de enero por este tipo de crisis, porque entre otras cosas, su infraestructura logística y cadena de suministro les mostraron dónde están parados.

Las organizaciones preparadas activaron su Plan de Recuperación de Desastres (DRP por sus siglas en inglés), el cual permitió reducir los efectos de la crisis, como fue blindar sus inventarios e incluso accionaron su canal de proveedores sustitutos de materias primas para asegurar la continuidad de sus operaciones, estos son algunos de los beneficios que les brinda un DRP, aunado a sus plataformas omni-canal (venta en línea con canales de distribución modernos).

En momentos donde el consumidor disminuyó la adquisición de productos de segunda o tercera necesidad durante las compras de pánico de combustible, las empresas que dentro de su logística también consideran el omni-canal como factor estratégico, se dieron a la tarea de enviar promociones, ofrecer descuentos y enviar a domicilio los productos, aprovecharon el momento.

Pero qué pasó con las compañías no capacitadas para dar respuesta a esta situación exógena, improvisaron en el camino o pararon operaciones y dejaron de entregar sus productos, lo que impactó directamente en su competitividad.

En la práctica, este último fenómeno es común en la mayoría de las empresas en México, particularmente entre las Pymes, porque no ven a la logística como un motor de competitividad, sino como un gasto innecesario.

El Índice de Rendimiento Logístico 2018 del Banco Mundial, establece que la logística comprende una red de servicios que soporta el movimiento físico de bienes dentro y fuera de las fronteras, con un valor estimado a los $4.3 billones de dólares. Dicho índice compara el desempeño de 160 países, México ocupa la posición 53, dejando abajo a Brasil y a Argentina con tres y nueve lugares respectivamente.
Lo anterior, confirma que estamos preparados para aprovechar la infraestructura logística del país para mejorar el desempeño de los procesos operativos de las empresas.

¿Qué tan valorada está la logística en México?

De acuerdo con los resultados del estudio “La Cadena de Suministro como Motor de la Competitividad”, realizado por EGADE Business School del Tecnológico de Monterrey, GS1 y Logística de México se conoció que, de 50 empresas encuestadas, el 59% respondió que no es necesario considerar las expectativas de los clientes en el diseño de sus operaciones logísticas, mientras que 41% sí toma en cuenta a sus compradores para ese propósito.
Lo que nos dicen las redes de logística modernas, es que el factor más importante a considerar al diseñar la logística de un negocio, es poner al cliente en el centro, y diseñar en base a sus requerimientos y necesidades.
El análisis reveló también que las herramientas de planeación basadas en tecnología sí tienen un gran impacto en el desempeño de sus empresas, el 53% así lo afirmó. Aunque el 76% no cuenta con equipos automatizados de pronóstico y planeación.

Además, se encontraron diferencias relevantes entre las organizaciones maduras, grandes, de clase mundial y las medianas, porque las Pymes son las que menos están entrando en el tema de la logística, pero a su vez son las de mayor peso en nuestro país.

Cabe mencionar que las organizaciones participantes tienen amplias áreas de oportunidad para implementar metodologías Just in Time, porque sólo entre el 20 y 30% implementan dicho método, el cual ayuda a minimizar mermas, desperdicios y costos de almacenamiento.

Por lo que respecta al centro de distribución (CEDIS), el reporte plantea que son una de las grandes bases para la competitividad, y las estrategias que soportan se concentran en: un mayor nivel de servicio (59%), reducción de costos de transporte (41%), reducción de costos de almacén (39%), y simplificación de la estructura (22%).

Lo anterior son solo algunos de los datos recabados con la aplicación de 65 diferentes reactivos a 50 compañías, 88% de ellas fueron mexicanas y el 12% de capital extranjero, con operaciones en sectores específicos como el automotriz, retail, farmacéutico, consumo, manufactura, servicios y agronegocios.

El 52% se ubicó en la categoría de empresas grandes por contar con más de 250 colaboradores, mientras que el 30% registró una plantilla laboral menor y el 18% restante cuenta con menos de 50 trabajadores, estos dos últimos tipos de empresas se colocaron dentro de la categoría de las Pymes.

Por una mejor posición a nivel global

Alemania, Suecia y Bélgica son quienes ocupan los primeros lugares en el Índice de Rendimiento Logístico 2018, en ese orden. La cultura logística en nuestro país está en pleno proceso de expansión, con la expectativa de que en los siguientes años México escale globalmente una mejor posición a la que hoy asume, el uso de la tecnología es una pieza clave para lograrlo.

*Director general de Logística de México y vicepresidente de comercio exterior y logística de la American Chamber of Commerce of Mexico AC (Amcham).

105 thoughts on “«La logística en tiempos de la 4T» Por: José Ambe (Análisis)

  1. I loved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored material
    stylish. nonetheless, you command get got an shakiness over that you wish be
    delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again as exactly the same
    nearly very often inside case you shield this hike.

  2. I’ve been browsing online more than 2 hours today, yet I never found any interesting article like yours.
    It is pretty worth enough for me. Personally, if all site
    owners and bloggers made good content as you did,
    the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  3. Every weekend i used to pay a visit this web page, because i wish
    for enjoyment, for the reason that this this web page conations actually pleasant funny
    stuff too.

  4. Magnificent beat ! I would like to apprentice whilst you amend your web
    site, how can i subscribe for a blog web site? The account aided me a applicable deal.
    I were tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast offered vivid
    clear concept

  5. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
    Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on. You have done an impressive job and our whole community will be thankful to
    you.

  6. Its such as you learn my thoughts! You appear to know a lot approximately this, such as you wrote the e book in it or something.
    I think that you simply could do with a few % to pressure the message
    house a little bit, but instead of that, this is excellent
    blog. A fantastic read. I’ll certainly be back.

  7. Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well written article.

    I will make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful information. Thanks
    for the post. I will definitely return.

  8. Today, while I was at work, my cousin stole my apple ipad
    and tested to see if it can survive a 30 foot drop, just so she
    can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views.
    I know this is totally off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  9. Hello there! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering if
    you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form?
    I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m
    having difficulty finding one? Thanks a lot!

  10. An intriguing discussion is worth comment. I think that you should
    write more about this subject matter, it might not be a taboo matter but
    generally people don’t talk about these subjects.
    To the next! Kind regards!!

  11. Have you ever considered creating an e-book or guest authoring on other sites?
    I have a blog centered on the same topics you discuss and would
    love to have you share some stories/information.
    I know my subscribers would appreciate your work.

    If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to send me an e mail.

  12. Fantastic beat ! I wish to apprentice while you amend your website, how can i subscribe for a blog website? The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast provided bright clear concept|

  13. Heya! I’m at work surfing around your blog from my new iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading through your blog and look forward to all your posts! Carry on the superb work!|

  14. An intriguing discussion is definitely worth comment. There’s no doubt that that you ought to write more about this subject matter, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people do not speak about such topics. To the next! Best wishes!!|

  15. Hello I am so grateful I found your website, I really found you by error, while I was browsing on Aol for something else, Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say thanks a lot for a fantastic post and a all round enjoyable blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to browse it all at the minute but I have bookmarked it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the fantastic work.|

  16. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everybody else experiencing issues with your website. It appears as if some of the written text within your content are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them too? This could be a issue with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before. Many thanks|

  17. Wonderful blog! I found it while browsing on Yahoo News. Do you have any tips on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Many thanks|

  18. Does your blog have a contact page? I’m having a tough time locating it but, I’d like to send you an e-mail. I’ve got some ideas for your blog you might be interested in hearing. Either way, great website and I look forward to seeing it expand over time.|

  19. I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back later on. Many thanks|

  20. I’m impressed, I must say. Seldom do I come across a blog that’s both educative and entertaining, and without a doubt, you have hit the nail on the head. The problem is something which not enough men and women are speaking intelligently about. I’m very happy that I came across this in my search for something concerning this.|

  21. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can advise? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any support is very much appreciated.|

  22. I every time used to study article in news papers but now as I am a user of net so from now I am using net for articles or reviews, thanks to web.|

  23. Hey! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to check it out. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Excellent blog and wonderful design.|

  24. I blog frequently and I genuinely thank you for your content. This article has truly peaked my interest. I’m going to take a note of your website and keep checking for new details about once per week. I opted in for your Feed as well.|

  25. I love what you guys are up too. This type of clever work and exposure! Keep up the amazing works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to our blogroll.|

  26. Pretty component to content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to say that I acquire actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Any way I’ll be subscribing in your feeds or even I achievement you get entry to constantly fast.|

  27. I am really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog. Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a nice blog like this one nowadays.|

  28. Hi excellent website! Does running a blog similar to this take a large amount of work? I’ve no knowledge of coding but I had been hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyway, if you have any suggestions or tips for new blog owners please share. I know this is off subject however I just wanted to ask. Thanks a lot!|

  29. Howdy! I could have sworn I’ve been to this website before but after checking through some of the post I realized it’s new to me. Nonetheless, I’m definitely glad I found it and I’ll be bookmarking and checking back frequently!|

  30. Hello There. I discovered your weblog the usage of msn. This is a very smartly written article. I will make sure to bookmark it and return to learn extra of your helpful info. Thank you for the post. I will definitely return.|

  31. My spouse and I stumbled over here coming from a different web page and thought I might check things out. I like what I see so i am just following you. Look forward to looking into your web page repeatedly.|

  32. Have you ever considered publishing an ebook or guest authoring on other blogs? I have a blog based upon on the same subjects you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my audience would appreciate your work. If you’re even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e-mail.|

  33. Thanks for some other excellent article. The place else could anybody get that type of information in such a perfect manner of writing? I have a presentation next week, and I’m on the search for such info.|

  34. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.|

  35. Link exchange is nothing else except it is simply placing the other person’s web site link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do similar in support of you.|

  36. You are so interesting! I don’t suppose I’ve truly read something like that before. So nice to find someone with a few unique thoughts on this topic. Seriously.. thank you for starting this up. This site is something that’s needed on the web, someone with some originality!|

  37. Hello, i read your blog from time to time and i own a similar one and i was just curious if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you protect against it, any plugin or anything you can suggest? I get so much lately it’s driving me mad so any assistance is very much appreciated.|

  38. I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to construct my own blog and would like to find out where u got this from. many thanks|

  39. certainly like your web site however you need to test the spelling on quite a few of your posts. Many of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very troublesome to inform the truth then again I¡¦ll certainly come again again.

  40. Fantastic blog you have here but I was curious about if you knew of any community forums that cover the same topics discussed in this article? I’d really like to be a part of group where I can get opinions from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know. Thanks!|

  41. I don’t even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great. I don’t know who you are but certainly you’re going to a famous blogger if you are not already 😉 Cheers!|

  42. Wonderful article! This is the kind of info that should be shared around the net. Disgrace on Google for not positioning this submit higher! Come on over and consult with my website . Thanks =)|

Deja un comentario

Top